Period : 5000-3000BCE 5000-3000BCE

By Popular Education Initiative

Human Migration covering maximum parts of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, Expansion of Neolithic Settlement increased with a shift in activity to Pottery and Agriculture. Increase in Sedentary farming in Africa. 
Trade routes via Land and Sea were used for the exchange of goods. Sea Routes were used from the Kachchh Region to the Mesopotamia for exchange of goods. Bolan and Gomal pass became land routes for the exchange of goods between settlements in Indus Valley and the Middle East. This period also saw an increase in Neolithic Settlements in the Indian Subcontinent. The farming led to the development of the first irrigation system in Mesopotamia (Ur and Uridu)